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Financing

General
Air Quality
Drinking Water
Energy Efficiency
Environmental Justice (EJ)
Green Building
Smart Growth
Wastes
Wastewater and Stormwater
Watersheds
Wetlands

Issue Summary

For local governments, sufficient financing is critical to support infrastructure and programs that ensure environmental compliance and protection. The resources below provide information on available grants, loans, programs, publications and organizations that can assist local governments.


General

Capacity Building

Environmental Finance Centers (EFC). The Centers serve each EPA region, providing technical assistance, training, publications and other programs relating to drinking water, stormwater and green infrastructure, clean energy and waste management. Availability of programs and services may vary between regional centers.

EPA Financing for Environmental Compliance. Eight-step planning process communities can use in determining their capital asset, technical and financial needs and in finding available funding resources to meet their compliance goals.

Grants

EPA Grants Center. Compendium of up-to-date federal environmental grant opportunities.

EPA Environmental Education (EE) Grants. Grants available to support environmental education projects that promote environmental awareness and stewardship and help provide people with the skills to take responsible actions to protect the planet.

EPA Finances and Beyond. PowerPoint Presentation introduction to the different financial programs and grants available to municipal governments. Lists useful financial tools developed by EPA and nonprofits and introduces EPA financing and funding opportunities, including the Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) and the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA).

Guidance Documents

ICMA Webinar: "How to Pay: Challenges and Solutions of Environmental Protection". Covers the ins and outs of financing environmental systems, modifying rates, capital investment, asset replacement and other fundamental financial management decisions. 

Databases and Tools

EFC at University of North Carolina: State Resources Locator. Clickable map that takes you to the funding resources, reports, webinar recordings and interactive dashboards available in your state.

Environmental Information Exchange Network. Internet-based system used by state, tribal and territorial partners to securely share environmental and health information with one another and EPA.



Air Quality

Grants

National Clean Diesel Campaign. Funding sources for building diesel engine emission reduction programs to improve air quality and protect public health.


Drinking Water

Grants

EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund. EPA awards grants to states to establish revolving loan funds to assist public water systems with infrastructure improvements. The program also allows states to reserve a portion of their grant to fund activities needed for source water protection and enhanced water systems management.

Databases and Tools

Water Finance Clearinghouse. EPA offers two searchable databases, one on available funding sources, and one containing reports, links, webinars and other materials on financing mechanisms and approaches.


Energy Efficiency

Grants

State Energy Program. Funding available to states to design and carry out their own energy efficiency and renewable energy programs.

Department of Energy (DOE) Financing Solutions and Incentives. Resources for finding and managing funding for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects for homes, business, industry, utilities and government.

DOE Weatherization Assistance Program. Information on grant money available to states, which states can, in turn, award to local agencies to perform weatherization services.


Environmental Justice (EJ)

Grants

EPA Office of EJ. Information about environmental justice grants and cooperative agreements, programs and other resources.

EPA EJ Small Grants Program. Funds community-driven projects focused on addressing or improving understanding of exposure to environmental hazards and public health. Grant awards up to $50,000.


EJ Funding Map. Interactive map showing locations of EPA-funded environmental justice projects.

EJ Grants, Funding and Technical Assistance. Compendium of EPA grant programs targeted at EJ communities. Includes funding for projects seeking to increase public health, remove existing sources of harmful pollution and increase public participation in local decision-making.

Guidance Documents

Guide to Finding Federal Assistance and Resources for EJ Efforts. Federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice's FAQ style factsheet includes details on navigating the beta.SAM.gov grant application website and links to useful EJ webinars, listservs and guidance documents.



Green Building

Grants

EPA Green Building Funding Opportunities. Frequently updated list of funding sources for green building aimed at homeowners, industry, government organizations and nonprofits.

Department of Housing and Development Community Development Block Grant Program. Awards money to local governments to develop and preserve livable affordable housing. Program funding may be used for improving environmental health and resident safety. Offers helpful guides, online toolkits and webinars to communities seeking to institute community development. Grants may also be awarded to local governments through their state program.


Smart Growth

Grants

EPA Smart Growth Grants and Other Funding. Repository of EPA grants and funding opportunities for projects that improve the quality of development while protecting human health and the environment. Projects are encouraged to utilize the Ten Smart Growth Principles.


Wastes

Grants

Funding Opportunities and EPA Programs Related to the Food System. Up-to-date compendium of ongoing grant programs from EPA and other federal agencies providing funding for food systems projects, including food waste management, agricultural sustainability and community health-building initiatives.

Office of Land and Emergency Management (OLEM) Grants and Funding. Up-to-date compendium of OLEM funding opportunities, including grants for hazardous waste management and brownfield cleanups.

United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) Solid Waste Management Grants. Annual grant program providing funding to organizations that offer technical assistance and training to improve solid waste site planning and management. Applications open each Spring.


Guidance Documents

USDA Solid Waste Management Grants Factsheet. FAQ regarding grant program information including eligibility, terms for grants and links to additional application resources.

Databases and Tools

Resource Recycling Grant Watch. Frequently updated repository of funding opportunities for recycling projects from private, nonprofit, state and federal government sponsors.


Wastewater and Stormwater

Grants

Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF). Funds supplied by EPA and state governments available for a wide range of water infrastructure projects, focused on increasing compliance with the Clean Water Act. EPA's CWSRF portal includes grant eligibility rules, guidance documents and financial reports from previous grantees. 

EPA Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center. Compilation of funding and grant opportunities, affordability programs, technical assistance programs and financial planning tools for water and wastewater systems.

Green Infrastructure Funding Opportunities. List of federal funding sources, publications and additional guidance documents for green infrastructure projects.

Guidance Documents

Asset Management Plans and CWSRF. Fact sheet demonstrating ways CWSRF can aid wastewater utilities in asset management planning and capital expenditures. Includes two case studies, illustrating how local systems improved with the introduction of state incentives in the first case study, and requirements for borrowers to create asset management plans in the second case study.

Local Government Stormwater Financing Manual. EFC publication on stormwater program reform, emphasizing the importance of looking beyond public funding sources. Provides detailed information on risk management for the advocated financing approach, focus group findings from local officials and technical guidance on setting utility rates.

EPA Integrated Planning Technical Assistance. EPA and EFC provide stormwater and wastewater utilities with direct guidance on Element 4 (Development, Evaluation and Selection of Preferred Alternatives) of the Integrated Municipal Stormwater and Wastewater Planning Framework.

Getting to Green: Paying for Green Infrastructure, Finance Options and Resources for Local Decision-Makers. Summarizes funding sources that support stormwater management programs or finance individual projects. Includes examples of past projects and additional resources for each funding source.

Databases and Tools

Water Finance Clearinghouse. EPA offers two searchable databases, one on available funding sources, and one containing reports, links, webinars and other materials on financing mechanisms and approaches.


Watersheds

Grants

EPA Funding Resources for Watershed Protection and Restoration. List of EPA grant programs that provide funding to watershed protection and restoration projects. Includes links to each program as well as relevant reports and publications on watershed financing.

USDA Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations Program. Funding available to local and tribal governments to protect and restore watersheds up to 250,000 acres. Program page includes additional eligibility information and guidance documents.


Wetlands

Grants

EPA Wetlands Program Development Grants (WPDG). Funding available to projects that promote the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys and studies relating to the causes, effects, extent, prevention, reduction and elimination of water pollution. Applications open each Spring.

EPA Five Star Wetland and Urban Waters Restoration Grants. Provides funding for technical support and information exchange for community-based wetland restoration projects. Grants range from $10,000-$40,000. EPA program page includes webinars and guidance documents on the grant writing process.

Databases and Tools

EPA Wetland Grants Database. Interactive database of previous WPDG projects, including grant data, case study narratives and model products.


WPDG Case Studies. Highlights successful use of WPDGs in building one or more elements of a wetlands protection program.