Oil & LubricantsOil

Eventually vehicle oil and lubricants must be replaced with virgin or re-refined materials to do the job correctly. It is imperative that all regulations are met and that procedures are in place to prevent or limit the accidental release of used oil and lubricants to surface water, groundwater, or soils.

LGEAN resources most applicable to used oil and lubricants include:

  • Solid Waste. Provides a summary of issues including national waste generation rates, landfill capacity problems, and landfill and incinerator regulations. This resource also includes links to numerous useful documents.

  • Hazardous Waste. Many local governments must deal with hazardous wastes both as a hazardous generator and as the responsible entity for protecting landfills and other municipal solid waste collection/disposal operations from hazardous waste disposal. Use this resource to learn more about federal and state rules.

Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Rule Overview
On November 5, 2009, the EPA Administrator signed a notice amending certain requirements of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule in order to address additional areas of regulatory reform that have been raised by the regulated community. The November 2009 amendments revise the December 2008 amendments as a result of EPA's review of comments and consideration of all relevant facts. EPA is either taking no action or providing minor technical corrections on the majority of the December 2008 provisions.

EPA published a "Final Rule to Amend Compliance Dates for SPCC Rule" in January 2009.
This was withdrawn from the Federal Register in accordance with the "Regulatory Review" White House memorandum and never promulgated. On June 19, 2009, the compliance date extension for all facilities (including farms) until November 10, 2010 was published. In the November 2009 final action, EPA committed to proposing an additional extension of compliance date.

For more information:

There is additional help available for facilities that must prepare, or amend and implement Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plans to address the potential for a discharge of oil  Learn if the rule applies to your facility and the latest requirements with the guide called "A Facility Owner/Operator’s Guide to Pollution Prevention" that can be found at http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/oil/spcc/spccbluebroch2002.pdf.

See more SPCC guidance, fact sheets, and policy on SPCC at http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/guidance.htm#spcc.

View an archived webinar at http://www.clu-in.org/conf/tio/osc9_120909/.

Reporting Spills, Emergencies

To report:

  • Oil and/or chemical spills,
  • Radiation emergencies, and
  • Biological discharges

Call National Response Center at 800-424-8802

Additional resources (exit LGEAN):

  • EPA Used Oil Management Program. EPA provides information on how to properly dispose of the used oil.

  • How To Setup A Local Program To Recycle Used Oil. EPA guidance document.

  • ECAR Center. This is a unique resource. It provides state by state summaries of used oil and vehicle fluid regulations and many applicable resources.

  • Solid Waste Resource Locator. The solid waste resource locator contains links to state regulatory agencies/departments and state regulations covering solid waste topics, including recycling.

  • RCRA/Hazardous Waste Resource Locator. The rules for managing hazardous waste can vary from state to state. Find your state's regulations, along with permit forms, guidance, contact information and other helpful resources. Deviations from federal regulations are highlighted.

  • Universal Waste Resource Locator. Some common items (batteries, pesticides, used oil etc.) may be exempt from hazardous waste rules. Find out which items are designated as Universal Wastes in your state, link to state regulations, and local contacts at state agencies for more information.

  • Environmental Compliance for Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants. This page addresses facilities that store, transport, dispose of, or utilize petroleum-based fuels, oils, or lubricants (POL).

  • FedCenter Used Oil. Summary of Federal requirements.